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Endoscopy

Endoscopy

Endoscopy is an imaging method that is performed by entering the oral or rectum with the help of a device without surgery to examine the digestive system. It helps the physician to examine the internal structures of the organs without creating an incision in the body. It is a fast and bleeding-free method in the diagnosis of disorders in the oesophagus, stomach, and intestines. In some cases, special instruments are added to the endoscope to take a biopsy sample.

In Which Cases Can Endoscopy Be Used?

  • Abnormal bleeding,
  • Difficulty swallowing or blockages in the oesophagus,
  • Persistent vomiting and stomach aches,
  • Diarrhoea and constipation that do not last for a long time,
  • Stomach ulcers,
  • Digestive system tumours,
  • Different ailments in the digestive system,
  • To obtain a biopsy sample,
  • It can be used for treatment.

How Is Endoscopy Performed?

During the preparation process for endoscopy, the stomach and intestines should be empty. Therefore, food consumption should be stopped eight to twelve hours before the procedure. During the endoscopy procedure, the patient is put under anaesthesia and immobilized. During the application, the patient is placed on a certain side according to the procedure to be performed, and electrodes that measure respiration, blood pressure and heart rate are placed. The patient is connected to a respirator that provides oxygen and gas anaesthetics during anaesthesia. After the patient is ready to start the procedure, the mouth is opened and the endoscope is passed into the oesophagus. It allows the tissues to be examined in terms of colour, structure and tissue integrity by providing progress towards the stomach along the oesophagus. An endoscopy will take 15 to 30 minutes, depending on the situation and the type of disease.

Is Endoscopy a Risky Procedure?

Compared to surgical procedures, endoscopy is a very safe method. Like any medical procedure, endoscopy has risks, although low. Bleeding is likely to occur during endoscopies for diagnosis, treatment, or biopsy.

Very rarely, ruptures can be encountered during endoscopy in the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. In such cases, emergency intervention will be performed by the physician who carries out the procedure. After the endoscopy, pain may be seen in the abdomen due to bloating and gas.

In addition to all these possibilities, if the endoscopy procedure can be used instead of surgical conditions, it should be preferred as the first option. After the surgical procedure, it will need a long recovery period because of the suture line in the cut area and the patient’s pain. In the endoscopy procedure, the time required for the patient to be discharged will be shorter, as there is no cut or suture line in the body.

PhD Veterinarian
Tuğrul Çağrı GÜL

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